Alliteration can help tune children in to identifying different sounds. This is great preparation before children begin to read and spell words using phonics. Alliteration is an occurrence of the same sound at the beginning of a more than one word e.g. crazy crocodile, cheeky chicken, mad monkey, polite parrot.
Rhythm and Rhyme
Rhyming helps children to learn words, sounds and language formation. Hearing and using rhyme, rhythm and repetition helps children develop early literacy skills.
Oral blending and segmenting
This step is a crucial one in preparing children to be able to read and spell words. It is really important that children can differentiate between sounds before they are introduced to sounds/letters. Blending- Listening to sounds that have been 'broken up' (Segmented) and children blend the sounds together to create the word. e.g. - adult says the individual phonemes/sounds 'f-i-sh' and child says 'fish.' Segmenting- Listening to a word and 'breaking it' into individual sounds. e.g. adult says ' chin' and the child says 'ch-i-n.'